By Richard L. Bechtold
The time period "alternative gas" has been used to explain any gasoline advised to be used in transportation automobiles except fuel or diesel gas. This e-book covers a variety of fuels, together with alcohols, gases, and vegetable oils. The booklet offers the basics had to comprehend the actual and chemical homes of different fuels, and the way they impression refueling process layout and amendment of current garages for security. As such, it's a blend of reference and basic consultant for engineers and fleet managers whose activity is to enforce substitute gas autos.
desk of Contents
1. substitute Fuels and Their Origins
2. homes and standards
three. fabrics Compatibility
four. garage and allotting
five. Refueling Facility install and storage Facility alterations
6. word list of phrases
in regards to the writer
Read or Download Alternative Fuels Guidebook - Properties, Storage, Dispensing, and Vehicle Facility Modifications PDF
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Extra info for Alternative Fuels Guidebook - Properties, Storage, Dispensing, and Vehicle Facility Modifications
6. , "Options for and Recent Trends in Use of Alternative Transportation Fuels," United Nations Centre for Human Settlements Ad Hoc Expert-Group Meeting in Human Settlements, 1986. 7. "Replacing Gasoline Alternative Fuels for Light-Duty Vehicles," Washington: Congress of the United States Office of Technology Assessment, 1990, p. 13. 8. S. S. Transportation Sector, Technical Report Three: Methanol Production and Transportation Costs," November 1989. 9. "Growth of Top 50 Chemicals Slowed in 1995 from Very High 1994 Rate," Chemical and Engineering News, Vol.
Hydrogen Hydrogen has many characteristics that make it the "ultimate" alternative fuel to fossil energy fuels. Hydrogen can be combusted directly in internal-combustion engines or it can be used in fuel cells to produce electricity with high efficiency (30-50% over the typical load range). When hydrogen is oxidized in fuel cells, the only emission is water vapor. When hydrogen is combusted in internalcombustion engines, water vapor is again the major emission, though some oxides of nitrogen may be formed if combustion temperatures are high enough.
Ref. 181 Ref. 19] Ref. 6 psi @ 100°F]), highlights a significant difference between methanol and gasoline-methanol is much less prone to produce flammable vapor at ambient temperatures. This difference is vividiy illustrated by the fact that pure methanol will not start in fuel systems designed for gasoline at temperatures below about 7°C (45°F). This is not to say that methanol is relatively more safe when exposed to the atmosphere at room temperature. Rather, it does illustrate that the ignition source must have enough energy to vaporize sufficient liquid methanol to create a flammable mixture of methanol vapor and air.