Download A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories) by Stuart Macintyre PDF

By Stuart Macintyre

Australia is the final continent to be settled by way of Europeans, however it additionally sustains a humans and a tradition tens of millions years outdated. for a lot of the prior 2 hundred years the rookies have sought to interchange the previous with the hot. This booklet tells how they imposed themselves at the land, and taken expertise, associations and ideas to make it their very own. It relates the development from penal colony to a filthy rich unfastened state and illustrates how, as a state created by means of waves of novices, the quest for binding traditions used to be lengthy pissed off via the sensation of rootlessness, till it got here to phrases with its origins. The 3rd variation of this acclaimed booklet recounts the major elements - social, financial and political - that experience formed modern day Australia. It covers the increase and fall of the Howard executive, the 2007 election and the apology to the stolen iteration. greater than ever sooner than, Australians draw at the previous to appreciate their destiny.

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The decision to settle was taken by the British government fifteen years after Cook and Banks returned with their reports of New South Wales. By this time Britain had lost its North American colonies and was no longer able to transport convicts there as it had done for most of the eighteenth century. A plan to establish a new penal colony was prepared. Initially it was to be in Africa, but when no suitable site was found there, Botany Bay was chosen in the 'Heads of a Plan' submitted to the Cabinet by Lord Sydney the minister for the Home Office who then had responsibility for colonial affairs - and adopted in 1 7 8 6.

On the first ( I 768-7 I ) he sailed to Tahiti to observe the transit of the planet Venus across the sun, then headed west to make a detailed circumnavigation of the two islands of New Zealand and trace the east coast of Australia into the Torres Strait. 3 Cook is borne aloft as the hero-victim of European discovery in the Pacific, with Universal Fame on one side and Britannia on the other. (Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand) in length, he charted more than 8000 kilometres of coastline and established the limits of the Australian island-continent.

As these appointments suggest, the war gave greater strategic sig­ nificance to British control of the Pacific. After Matthew Flinders encountered a French expedition on the south coast of Australia during his circumnavigation of Australia in 1 802, King sent a party from Sydney to occupy Van Diemen's Land (the name given to Tasmania by its D utch navigator). Another fleet of marines and convicts sailed from London to settle Port Phillip Bay on the south­ east corner of the mainland in 1 80 3 ; finding the site unsuitable, it withdrew to Van Diemen's Land and joined the earlier party at Hobart 011 the Derwent estuary.

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